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Drying Fruits

The times in this chart should be used as guidelines only. Actual Drying time depends on numerous factors including the type of drying method used, the quantity of food being dried, the amount of moisture in the fruit etc. Note: Watch fruits carefully, testing frequently for correct texture/dryness.

Guidelines for Drying Fruits

Fruit
Preparation
An appropriate sulfuring time before sun-drying
Sun drying time
Dehydrator & Oven drying time
Indicators of dryness
Apples*
Wash and core; peel if desired. cut in ¼” slices or rings.
45-60 minutes
3-4 days
6-12 hours
Soft and pliable; no moisture in center when cut.
Apricots*
Peel if desired halve or slice, remove pit.
2 hours (halves) 1 hour (slices)
2-3 days
16-36 hours (halves) 7-10 hours (slices)
Same as apples
Bananas*
Peel and cut into ¼” slices
N/A
2-3 days -chewy

6-7 days- chips

8-16 hours

30-40 hours

Leathery but still chewy. (longer drying will make banana chips) (NOT PLIABLE)
Blueberries; Cranberries
Halve
N/A
2-4 days
8-12 hours
Leathery but still chewy
Cherries
Pit and halve
N/A
1-2 days
18-30 hours
Leathery but still chewy
Figs
Peel & Quarter
N/A
4-5 days
10-12 hours
Pliable; slightly sticky but not wet.
Grapes*
Halve; seed if desired
N/A
3-5 days
24-48 hours
Raisin like texture pliable; chewy.
Peaches;* Nectarines*
Peel if desired. Halve or cut in ¼” slices, remove pit.
2-3 hours (halves or slices)
3-5 days (halves or slices)
24-36 hours (halves); 8-12 hours (slices)
Same as apples
Pears*
Halve & core, or core & cut in ¼” slices.
5 hours (halves or slices)
5 days (halves or slices)
24-36 hours (halves); 10-14 hours (slices)
Same as apples
Persimmons
For variety, select firm fruit; for Hachiya variety, let fruit ripen until soft. Peel & cut in ¼” slices.
N/A
5-6 days
14-18 hours
Light to medium brown; tender but not sticky.
Pineapple
Peel, core and cut crosswise into ¼” slices. Dry slices whole or cut them in wedges.
N/A
4-5 days (slices) 3-4 days (wedges)
24-36 hours (slices); 18-24 hours (wedges)
Chewy and dry to center.
Plums
Halve or cut in ¼” slices, removing pit.
N/A
4-5 days
18-24 hours (halves); 8-10 hours (slices)
Fairly hard and leathery but still chewy.
Rhubarb
Cut in ¼” slices.
N/A
2-3 days
18-20 hours
Hard to crisp
Strawberries
Halve or cut in ¼” slices.
N/A
1-2 days
20 hours (halves) 12-16 hours (slices)
Leathery but still pliable.

 

*Pre-treat these fruits to protect their color. Dip in an anti-oxidant or a honey-water solution if dehydrator or oven drying. For sun-drying sulfur fruits or dip in solution.

Source: Logicsouth.com

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