Money Matters » Using a Loan Calculator- What you need to know!

Using a Loan Calculator- What you need to know!

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Some situations require us to cover emergency expenses, so we resort to taking out loans. It could be for debt consolidation, health emergencies, and even vacation expenses. In taking loans, you should assess your ability to repay the loan amount you settled on. We’ll take a look at using loan calculators for effective financial management.

What is a Loan Calculator?

A loan calculator is a helpful tool in determining the potential monthly payment you have to make if you take a specific loan amount. The calculator could also help you determine how much you can borrow according to the amount you’ll have to pay per month.

As we all know, different banks and financial institutions offer various loan types and terms. These are essential factors you have to consider before taking a loan. Try to evaluate all the offers by potential lenders you’ve spotted and run the loan calculator to see the best deal for you.

How do Loan Calculators Work?

Your understanding of how a loan calculator works is an initial step of ensuring that you are getting as an accurate result as possible. The purpose of this tool is to help you calculate the most possible interest rate you will get, the monthly payments you’ll need to pay, the period or term you’ll need to pay off the debt, among others.

Normally, the loan calculator will ask for your credit score, your loan amount, and your desired loan term. After you’ve entered all of the relevant details on the required fields, the calculator would run the process via an algorithm that takes into account the terms of the site. The process will also ask for your preferences in order to provide you an estimation of how much a loan from that lender will possibly qualify you.

loan calculator

Terms and Definitions of Loan Calculators You Need to Know

Loan calculators have different types of features, but the most common information it requires for you to enter are the details about your loan. These includes:

Loan amount

This is the amount outlined in your loan contract. In the contract, you promise to repay the specified amount before reaching the deadline. The most common method of repayment is through installment.

The loan amount may go beyond the amount you requested, depending on the eligibility requirements you have met, including credit points and other costs. In short, this is the amount you are willing to borrow.

Loan term

For a borrower to make regular payments, a loan term is the amount of time needed to pay off the entire loan. Short-term and long-term loans are also available. In short, this is the length of time you need to repay the loan.

However, loan terms may also refer to the aspects of a loan to which you accept while you sign the contract. These characteristics are often referred to as terms and conditions.

Interest rate

The interest rate is the percentage (%) of the principal amount that a lender charges against the use of money. The annual percentage rate (APR) is used to express the interest rate on an annual basis (APR). Cash, consumer products, or long-term assets like a car or a building may be used as collateral for the funds you borrowed.

In short, this is the percentage of the loan that the lender or creditor would charge you to borrow the money. Enter your credit score range to get an interest rate calculation if you don’t know how much the interest rate is.

Credit Score

A credit score is a number that indicates how likely you are to default on your debt. It will assist lenders in determining whether or not to extend credit to you, as well as the conditions on which they extend credit and the interest rate you pay. A high score can help you in a variety of ways. It can make getting a loan, renting an apartment, or lowering your insurance rate easier.

Soft credit checks are simply done for a background check on the financial engagements of a person. It is important to note that a soft credit check is one that does not affect your credit score.

The loan calculator shows three numbers after you’ve entered the loan details that you can use to assess and evaluate different loans. The following gives a detailed description of the displayed numbers:

Total interest paid

The total amount of interest you need to pay over the loan’s duration. Borrowers with better credit scores pay less interest in the long run than those with bad credit scores.

Total amount paid

The total money you need to pay to the lender, which includes both the initial loan amount recognized as the principal, plus interest. The resulting figure excludes any extra fees imposed by your lender.

Monthly payment

This is what you should expect to pay per month over the term of the loan. Using an amortization plan, a portion of each payment is added to the interest and a portion to the principal.

Remember, your average monthly payment would be lower if you chose a longer loan period, but your overall interest will be higher. Hence, if a shorter loan period is chosen, the average monthly payment will be higher and your overall interest will be lower.

It is optimal to target for the shortest loan period possible. In this way, you can still handle the installments without burying yourself in the financial debt.

All of the words listed above can be incredibly useful when searching for a loan online because these keep track of the majority of the legwork for you. Instead of trying to do the math and analysis on your own, you can concentrate on comparing the measured results from various loan calculator providers.

Different Types of Loans

Loan calculators are most beneficial for the following  loan types.

Personal Loans

Whether you want to consolidate debts with high interest or for a family trip, you’ll need to apply for a personal loan. This type of loan is unsecured; therefore, no collateral is required. The usual loan term is 12-84 months.

You’ll be able to borrow a fixed amount of money and repay it in monthly installments. Proof of assets and income verification is required upon application.
personal loans


To fund a home purchase, mortgages are used by buyers. An average employee’s salary for a year can’t cover the entire worth of a house; therefore a mortgage is always an option.


A 30-year fixed-rate mortgage is the most popular home loan. Through amortization, the loan is returned in fixed monthly installments for 30 years. There are also mortgage terms of 15-20 years, but the monthly installment for this option is pretty high compared to the 30-years mortgage.

getting a mortgage loan

Small Business Loan

There are countless reasons why consumers avail of small business loans. You can use it as capital to fund a start-up business. It could be used to buy a new space for the office of the business or to expand the inventory.

Small business loans can offer a thousand to million dollars. It has sterner eligibility, so the application process could be pretty strenuous compared to personal loans.
small business loan applications

How’s the Interest on the Personal Loan, Mortgage, and Small Business Loan Processed on Loan Calculators?

There are two components for every monthly payment you make:

  1. A part of the loan goes to the lender known as the interest.
  2. A part of your payment goes into paying off your debt known as the principal.

For the term of the loan, your monthly payment remains the same. The sums that go against interest and principal, on the other hand, vary. This is because the interest rate part of an amortized loan’s monthly payment is determined by how much you currently owe.

The interest rates are higher after you first get a loan since the balance is higher. The interest rates decrease as the balance decreases, then most of your payment goes for paying off the debt.

Where Can I Apply for a Loan?

You can get a personal loan, mortgage, or small business loan from any of the three financial  places: online lender, credit union, or bank.

Here’s a short rundown of each choice which has available loan calculators online:

Online lenders

The online personal loan industry is, unsurprisingly, highly competitive. For applicants, this can be a positive thing. Online lenders also offer benefits like affordable rates, lower or no fees, and flexible payment schedules to entice consumers. Furthermore, getting your money online can be the quickest and most convenient option.

Credit unions

People who reside, study, work, or serve around the community near credit unions may use its financial services. You must be a member of the credit union to qualify for a loan, and you will be expected to have a minimum savings account balance. Credit unions, on the other hand, also offer competitive pricing and are more likely to deal with borrowers with poor credit ratings and limited credit histories.


Banks have higher interest rates and stricter lending criteria than credit unions, however, you won’t have to think about membership problems. Also, once you’re a customer of the bank, especially a community bank, you may qualify for reduced rates or a larger loan if you’re a regular client.

How to Get the Best Interest Rates on Your Loans

Your monthly loan payment will be purely driven by the loan amount, rate of interest, and loan term. Sales representatives and creditors will make a low monthly payment appear to be a decent deal, even though it’s not.

Most car dealers, for instance, would like you to concentrate only on your monthly charge, so they always wonder how far you can afford per month. They will give you nearly everything with that detail and match it into your monthly income by stretching the loan term.

Negotiating a lower selling price is preferable than negotiating a reduced monthly bill. Essentially, one of the three factors of the net debt rate is reduced when the market selling price is lowered.

After extending the loan, you can incur additional interest throughout the term of the loan, raising the net rate. Also, lengthier loans can be dangerous as they’re more likely to default. This creates a way for lenders to brand borrowers of having bad credit in order to pay larger sums through higher interest rates.
loan interest rates

How to Pay Off The Loan For Less Interest?

To reduce your loan payments, even more, aim to pay off the loan as soon as possible. You will save money on the interest by spending more per month while making an extra lump-sum deposit, as far as there is no prepayment penalty.

Your needed loan repayments will or may not adjust in the future, depending on the line of credit. Thus, you must ask your creditor whenever you pay.

Using an Online Loan Calculator Option

Make your original calculator in a spreadsheet application like Google Sheets or Microsoft Excel if you don’t like to do calculations by yourself, or install an online software calculator and customize it to your specific uses. Any choice helps you to run estimates to see if the amount and interest rates on a loan adjust monthly over the loan’s term.

Depending on the form of loan or estimate, choose the appropriate calculator. Perhaps, this could be a spreadsheet with a debt amortization calculator, a spreadsheet with an interest-only loan calculator, or a spreadsheet with a credit card bill calculator.

Is It True That Loan Calculators Are Accurate?

In a nutshell, loan calculators are fairly reliable. As long as the details you input into the calculator are right, the results should be a near approximation to what you’ll have to pay out regularly.

However, there is a discrepancy between how a calculator projects for you and how much an actual creditor would approve you too. It is best to not fully rely on using a loan calculator to figure out the exact amount of how much you’ll have to pay every month.

The easiest way to determine how precise your findings are is to learn how these calculators function and how to use their results to make a proper analysis of the loan services.

How Reliable Is the Interest Rate Percentage?

The interest rate offered by your lender would be the most important determinant of your monthly payments (except for your loan amount). Although a loan calculator can predict the interest rate based on the details you give, there are some aspects that the particular creditor will consider before providing you with a final rate.

For example, the lender will run a comprehensive credit background search. If your credit score has improved after the last time you reviewed it, you might end up with a different rate than the output of a loan calculator.

Since your credit score would be the primary metric used by lenders to determine your interest rate, it may be worth your time to delay obtaining a loan to boost your credit score.

It is indeed crucial to pay heed to the language used by loan calculator providers. Just like shopping for other sorts of products online, whether a loan calculator displays anything like “lending rates available from A” versus “rate of interest available from B,” the starting percentage is likely only eligible to those who can provide the highest requirements.

Occasionally, lenders will entice you by showing a low percentage that you might be impossible to receive. To prevent this, cautiously review the site’s offers, terms, and conditions when signing any contract, and always examine the provider’s credibility before finalizing the deal.

Do Loan Calculators Have Hidden Fees?

An entire loan expense is nearly greater than the loan sum plus the interest rate. Lenders can add on multiple institutions or continuing administration costs, which will easily escalate the cost of your monthly charge. It’s not unusual for lenders to keep these costs out of loan estimates to make an offer seem cheaper than it is.

Fortunately, if you’re mindful of it, this is a simple trick to escape. About any service can charge you an annual fee. So, if the loan calculator you’re looking for doesn’t list any recurring costs, it’s more than possible that these fees are being concealed.
hidden loan fees

A fast search for online feedback of the loan lender will tell you whether people who have recently accepted loans from that company have encountered secret additional fees.

It is a good idea to search for calculators that include a fixed or specified APR. Since they include annual payments in the final calculation, these algorithms are considered more accurate compared to others. APR, which is the Annual Percentage Rate, is the percentage of the interest rate plus all annual fees needed for the loan. A fixed APR is something that does not vary over the term of your debt.

Some lenders, on the other hand, give a flexible APR, which could adjust before you finally pay off the debt, charging you money over the long term. Loan calculators that have a fixed APR generally have almost nothing to conceal from prospective clients.

Benefits of Loan Calculators

Aside from the credit history and score, you should also identify your monthly debt payments. To come up with the exact calculation, a loan calculator is what you need. The benefits you could get by using various loan calculators are the following.

Simple and Swift Calculation

A loan calculator will only need the basic loan details. The input details you’ll need to provide are the loan quantity, interest rate, and loan term. With these details, you’ll be able to know how much you’ll have to pay monthly for a specific loan term. All of the calculators for fixed loans require the same details as provided above.

It’s Mobile Friendly

You no longer have to open your computer and laptops to calculate the worth of the monthly installments. Take note that 50% of the users access the internet through their mobile phones. Comparing loan offers from different providers is more convenient with a mobile phone.

You can bookmark a loan deal if you find it suitable for your needs. You can bookmark multiple providers and come up with a shortlist. This way, you can decide which one to choose and which offers to skip.

Easy Loan Management

Of course, there are times when the customers have extra funds for repayment. A loan calculator can help you determine the prepayment cost if you want to close the loan before the end of the term.

Helps You Get the Right Loan

There are hundreds of loan offers you can have in a specific area. Of course, avoid taking out multiple loans because you’ll have a hard time managing many loans. Loan calculators can help you in shopping around.

These calculators will show you the total cost of the loan along with the EMI (Equated Monthly Installment). Since you’ve already assessed your financial needs, you are now able to narrow down the options and get the best choice through a loan calculator.

Reliable Results

Calculations that are done manually are indeed prone to errors. It might be too late for the customer to be aware that there is indeed a miscalculation. Loan calculators guarantee accuracy and immediate results.

Additional Tips to Remember When Using Loan Calculators

Through using the services of loan calculators, you will determine if you can still afford to take out a loan by using the amount payment figures. Variables such as your existing salary and monthly expenditures can help you decide if applying for a loan is a smart idea.

Using interest-only loans including amortization of loans, you can calculate your possible monthly payments. Additionally, it’s only important to pay off the debt as soon as possible to reduce the rate of interest you’ll incur upon borrowed funds. Thus, helping you manage your finances well, avoid a default from your loan and prevent bad credit history essential  for your future loan applications.

Final Thoughts

Getting a loan is a decision you have to think of seriously. Make sure that your financial capacity can suffice the monthly installments and that the loan offer satisfies your current financial demand. Open a loan calculator and identify the repayments you have to complete in a specific loan term.

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