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- January 16, 2004 at 2:03 pm #250638
Liss Note: I know several members on list have Fibro, and I found this article
to be extremely interesting & thought I would pass it on….
HEALTH: Fibromyalgia and Copper Toxicity
WebMD provides a description and assessment of the condition termed
fibromyalgia. They further suggest that the diagnosis of the syndrome is
less than precise and suggest that the condition has only been isolated
as a specific complaint entity since the 1980’s. They speculate that it
has likely existed for centuries.
Evidence seen by this author suggests
that the condition may have been around for some time, but due to
circumstances later revealed, the syndrome is likely another result of
civilization’s modern diet and modern medicine itself!
The description goes on to state that the syndrome involves “chronic and
widespread muscle and soft tissue pain, tenderness and fatigue.”
Fibromyalgia patients experience pain when 18 specific trigger points or
“tender points” are pressed upon.
Additional symptoms include an insomnia or “unrestful sleep”, headaches,
depression and at least 50% of the patients suffering with irritable
bowel syndrome. Cordano, et. al., suggests that diarrhea and
malabsorption may be complicated by copper deficiency more frequently
than is appreciated.
(Cordano, A., Baertl, J.M., and Graham, G.G.
(1964). Pediatrics 34, 324.)
Raynaud’s syndrome or other “auto-immune syndromes” are additionally common.
The author’s experience at a laboratory specializing in hair mineral
assays, has long noted the connection with this syndrome and findings of
copper toxicity. A major offending cause of unwanted copper buildup in
the human body is the
estrogen dominant birth control pill. Evidence suggests that use of the
“pill” could very well have precipitated the rise in fibromyalgia
syndromes, especially since the 1980s.
To assess the copper connection with these patients, we collected 40
patient case histories inclusive of fibromyalgia and compared the hair
analysis results. These findings are indeed interesting. The reader
should be aware that this “diagnosis” was the result of a patient
symptom survey, many times completed by the doctor, but otherwise
supplying no confirming information to establish the condition
specifically as fibromyalgia.
Such a diagnosis is elusive at best,
although the patterns discovered have been reliable through hundreds of
thousands of patient test results.
WebMD states that women suffer from the condition much more often than
men. Not surprisingly, out of our 40 submitted patients, 38 were women.
The average age of these 40 patients was 53.2 years, the youngest being
23 and the oldest was 72 years of age. In addition, the ancillary
syndromes of headache, depression, “unrestful sleep,” and auto-immune
disease also have been implicated at this laboratory with copper toxicity.
Copper is much more of a concomitant metal to the female physiology due
to its use in utilizing estrogen. Thus the female who is already likely
well supplied with copper, is certainly subject to earlier symptom
manifestation, when excessive or non-usable copper becomes a factor. The
female who is copper deficient pre-menstrually is likely to become a
“choco-holic” due to chocolate’s high quantity of copper.
our findings suggested massive indication of copper toxicity.
Prodigious work done by Dr. Paul Eck at Analytical Research
Laboratories, Inc, and The Eck Institute of Bio-energetics and
Nutrition, has established protocols for an ultimate suggestion of toxic
levels of the mineral copper. These parameters and our study results are
listed in order.
zinc is a known antagonist of copper. adequate zinc levels in the body
enhance balance between zinc and copper, and zinc deficiencies permit
excessive accumulation of copper. the accepted normal level for zinc on
a hair mineral analysis is 20mg% (200PPM) We chose zinc levels of 15mg%
(150PPM) or less to be at least indicative of a minimal deficiency of zinc.
Twenty-seven (27) of our test subjects had levels of hair zinc less than <15mg%
all four low pattern
eck had established this terminology to suggest a state of “give up” in
oxidation capabilities (george watson, nutrition and your mind-1972),
wherein the adrenal gland and the thyroid gland are both functioning at
less than optimum energy production. Inadequate energy (oxidation rate)
is being produced to maintain an effective immune response to any stressor.
Oxidation-rate, mineral-indicators, according to Eck, include lower than
normal sodium and potassium (adrenal glands) and lower than normal
calcium and magnesium (thyroid gland).
Five (5) of these patients demonstrated an All Four Low Pattern.
high hair copper
the accepted normal level for hair copper is 2.5 mg% (25 PPM)
Eleven (11) of our subject patients overtly demonstrated higher than
normal levels of copper.
disturbances of the normal zinc:copper ratio in a hair mineral analysis
is 8:1 to 1(Zn:Cu). This ratio is calculated as 20 mg% of zinc, divided
by 2.5 mg% of copper, or 8.0:1. Eck has established this ratio as
indicating copper toxicity when deviant at <6.0:1 or >10:1.
Thirty (30) of our test subjects demonstrated altered zinc:copper ratios
in their hair assay.
sodium to potassium “inversions”, or “burnout”
eck suggests that sodium and potassium are specific indicators for
adrenal cortical function in the human body. laboratory rats having had
their adrenal glands removed, develop copper deposits in their liver.
the adrenal glands mandate appropriate chelation of copper with the
protein carrier ceruloplasmin in the liver.
when the normal ratio of sodium to potassium (2.5:1) drops below this
2.5 to 1, using hair minerals, Eck suggests that impaired adrenal gland
functioning exists. This impairment results in less than optimum binding
of copper by the liver into ceruloplasmin, and the unbound copper is a
known irritant to normal neuro-transmitter function.
Fifteen (15) of our test subjects demonstrated “inversions” of this
sodium to potassium ratio.
the inflammatory sodium to potassium ratio.
dr. eck’s work correlated inflammatory processes, or excessive stress,
with sodium to potassium ratios greater than >4.0:1. His reasoning
included the knowledge that sodium is controlled by aldosterone, an
adrenal cortical hormone with a proclivity to inflammation. Potassium,
the cortisone hair-mineral-equivalent, is associated with the
anti-inflammatory function of cortisone.
Excessive aldosterone (sodium),
compared to cortisone (potassium) suggests an inflammatory process.
Twenty three (23) of our test subjects demonstrated this “inflammatory
ratio.” Inflammation is the classic finding in fibromyalgia.
high calcium as an indicator of copper toxicity
the eck laboratory has established high calcium levels as indicative of
bio-unavailable and thus toxic levels of copper. usable copper is a
requirement for calcium transport and utilization in the bone matrix.
inadequate levels of usable copper allow calcium to become
bio-unavailable and accumulate in the soft tissue as calcium salts.
hair is one of those soft tissue repositories. levels of hair calcium
greater than 75mg% are said to be indicative of copper
bio-unavailability, and thus a toxic factor.
Twenty-two of our test subjects demonstrated calcium bio-unavailability
and “build-up,” suggesting copper toxicity.
using the parameters above, as suggested by eck, all forty (40) or our
subjects demonstrated copper toxic condition as a likely perquisite of
the inflammatory syndrome know as fibromyalgia. This elevated copper
burden has been implicated in migraine headaches, “unrestful sleep” or
insomnia, auto-immune disease and depression. Gall bladder disease is a
frequent result of this copper build-up, and the estrogen/copper
relationship likely corroborates the high propensity for migraine
headache sufferers and gall bladder surgeries to be largely a feminine
The Eck Institute has suggested that copper toxicity some day, will be
noted to rival the lead pollution of the past. Pfeiffer suggests that
copper can now be added to mental illness along with lead. Copper water
pipes, copper sulphate algaecides and pesticides, and the
close-to-epidemic adrenal gland insufficiency and immune system
suppression in this country suggest the time has arrived. The birth
control pill, so long touted to be free of complications other than the
possibility of thrombosis, may very well be the hidden major factor in
Ascertaining these 40 women’s history in use of the pill
might be helpful.
The two males in our 40 subject study displayed adrenal weakness or
“burnout” (Na:K <2.5:1), impaired zinc to copper ratios, and zinc levels
less than 15 mg%. They both also demonstrated copper toxicity based upon
the above parameters.
based upon eck’s work, and analysis of hair mineral levels when the hair
sample is not washed at the laboratory, fibromyalgia is a condition
undeniably associated with copper toxicity. leroy has shown that
performing a laboratory “wash” leaches certain minerals out of the hair
sample on a random basis, including sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium.
this copper toxicity is evident using all of the above parameters as
proposed, and it presents a picture of adrenal gland impairment
consistent through these 40 subjects. The uniform abnormalities seen on
hair mineral assessment lends credence to the complaints of patients
that have not been confirmed by blood or urine laboratory assessment.
The forty subjects studied have remarkably similar mineral findings and
equally remarkable symptoms reports. This is strong evidence for a
definitive diagnostic entity.
Additional insult to the copper burden could be a factor in those women
using the birth control pill currently, or at some time in their past
history. Alternative approaches to normalizing adrenal gland function
and detoxifying the body of its copper burden seems appropriate and most
likely slated for success. Eliminating the obvious copper sources,
including the aggravating factor of the birth control pill, along with
enhancement of the adrenal/immune response mechanism would seem appropriate.
Dr. William Risley is a 1961 graduate of the Palmer College-Midwest, and
has chaired post-graduate faculty positions in Neurovascular Diagnosis
and Hospital Protocol at Palmer. He is currently on the continuing
education faculty at the Texas Chiropractic College, and is a consultant
and educator for Analytical Research Laboratories in Phoenix. He was a
former instructor in Plethysmography and Doppler for Diagnostics International.
He is the author of 12 textbooks in general use by the chiropractic and
medical professions, and was a developer and owner of First
Chiropractic, a 175 franchise organization of chiropractic offices. His
books are available at http://www.chirobooks.com.
He is the co-inventor of the owl (optical wallet light), advertised
nationally, and can be visited at http://www.walletlightbusinesscard.com.
comments may be addressed to dr. risley at drrisley@a… or
ratio information at no cost, or information on copper can be requested
at either e-mail address, requesting “ratios and “copper”” and supplying
the sender’s name and address.
eck, paul c., migraine headaches, articles published by the eck
institute for bio-energetics and nutrition, phoenix, arizona, 1985.
Pfeiffer, Carl C., Mental and Elemental Nutrients, Keats Publishing, New
Canaan, Ct. 1975, p 439.
Wilson, Lawrence, M.D., Nutritional balancing and hair mineral analysis.
L.D. Wilson, Consultants, 1992.
Leroy, Raymond. The effect of washing hair samples at the laboratory on
various mineral levels. Accutrace Laboratories, Phoenix, Az.
Harrison, D.P. Copper as a factor in the dietary precipitation of
migraine. Headache, 26(5):248-50, 1986.
Eck, Paul C., Burnout, its cause and correction, Article published by
The Eck Institute for Bio-energetics and Nutrition, Phoenix, Arizona, 1985.
I.J.T. Davies, mb, mrcp (london), the clinical significance of the
biological metals (cordano, a., baertl, j.m., and graham, g.g. (1964).
Pediatrics 34, 324.)
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