Article: Chengtu Chicken

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      Bonnie in NC writes:
      < <
      interesting that you said the ingredients can’t be copyrighted, just
      the directions (and the column in your case).>>
      <
      to adapt them some in order to do that? Also, I wonder about my own
      recipes that I have developed if I include them in the book–will the
      company that publishes the cookbook then be able to use them?>>

      <>

      Hi Bonnie, and welcome to the list,

      Copyright issues seem to make the rounds of various lists about
      once a year, and I guess this is the case again this year since this
      is literally the third time in two weeks that I’ve posted to a list on the
      subject! lol

      Please understand I’m not a lawyer, and an intellectual properties
      attorney who is knowledgeable on these laws could answer with
      far more clarity and understanding of this subject than I can.
      *However,* here’s what I wrote to another list just yesterday:

      “I need to speak up here as an award-winning author and
      editor. I didn’t mean to offend or to cause anyone to be
      insulted; but as a published writer whose words have indeed been
      plagiarized, I know what that feels like to have copyright infringement
      occur.

      Now, that said, I would like to clarify about copyright infringement
      because I think there’s a misperception going on here. First of
      all, while a recipe itself–including the ingredients list–cannot be
      copyrighted, the *directions* to that recipe most certainly *can* be
      and *are* copyrightable. The ingredients are not.

      Technically, one’s writing is copyrighted even if one hasn’t gone
      through the *formality* of applying for copyright protection. The
      laws are tricky, however, and electronic rights and hard copy
      rights are now buzz words in the professional writing community,
      thanks to Tasini vs NYTimes, <https://www.nwu.org/tvt/tvthome.htm>.
      There are also various kinds of copyrights. The author of a short
      story that appears in an anthology might wish to copyright that
      story, but at the same time, the publisher will copyright the entire
      anthology in which the story appears. As a result, there are, in
      essence, two copyrights on that story, as I understand it. The
      same would hold true for an individual author’s recipe directions
      that went into a cookbook if that author chose to exercise those
      rights. But again, *not* the ingredient list.

      I’m not an attorney, however. I’m a professional writer and editor.
      You can find out more on copyrights and what they can and can’t
      do at the following USA government sites:
      https://www.loc.gov/copyright/
      https://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ1.html
      https://www.copyright.gov/title17/

      Now, since you’re developing a cookbook, you might consider a
      few things along the way:

      1. If there is any opportunity to have the cookbook judged in
      competition, you get points for creating the recipe ingredients in
      such a way as to parallel the recipe directions themselves. For
      example, if you need to add milk, then butter, then eggs to a
      recipe, make sure they are put in that order in the ingredient list.

      2. If you’ve adapted a recipe from a cookbook, but you’ve
      *modified* the recipe itself (actually changed the ingredients, or
      quantities), you might at least consider giving credit to the cookbook
      that initially had the idea, but it’s *not* a violation of copyright if you
      don’t *providing* you’ve rewritten the directions in your own words.

      3. Put in some tips throughout the pages to spice the pages and
      encourage their being read.

      4. Add some anecdotes to the recipes…where they came from,
      any special family occasions where they’ve been traditionally
      served.

      5. Since it’s going to be a cookbook created by homeschooling
      families, why not have a splash of the children’s art work throughout
      the book, and perhaps even a collage for the front cover? Then
      you’ll have a book truly created out of memories. You can even
      enhance this idea by adding the children’s perceptions of how to
      make brownies, pasta, and so on (no fair cheating and using those
      already circulating the Internet! lol).

      Good luck with the cookbook, and I hope this gives you some
      ideas to make the experience even more worthwhile. I also hope
      this has answered your questions, Bonnie.

      Warmly,
      Michelle

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