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  1. #1
    Deal GURU
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    Default Deciphering Food Labeling

    Definition
    Food labeling offers a great deal of information on most packaged
    foods.



    Alternative Names
    Nutrition labeling

    Function
    Serving size:

    Based on an average portion size. Similar food products have similar
    serving sizes to make comparison between products easier.

    Amounts per serving:

    The Calories and the calories from fat are listed. These numbers
    will help consumers make decisions about fat intake. The list of
    nutrients (total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol , sodium, total
    carbohydrate , dietary fiber , sugars , protein ) includes those
    most important to the health of today's consumer. The amount, in
    grams (g) or milligrams (mg), per serving of these nutrients is
    listed to their immediate right.

    Vitamins and minerals:

    Only 2 vitamins (A and C) and 2 minerals (calcium and iron) are
    required on the food label. Food companies can voluntarily list
    other vitamins and minerals in the food. When vitamins or minerals
    are added, or when a vitamin or mineral claim is made, those
    nutrients must be listed on the nutrition label.

    Percent daily value:

    The amounts of vitamins and minerals are listed as a Percent Daily
    Value on the nutrition label. The Percent Daily Value for vitamins
    and minerals gives a general idea of how much of a vitamin or
    mineral a serving contributes to the total daily diet. For example,
    if the Percent Daily Value for vitamin C of all the foods you eat in
    a day adds up to 100%, your diet meets the recommendation for
    vitamin C.



    Food Sources
    The U. S. government requires food labels on most packaged foods.
    The label offers complete, useful and accurate nutrition
    information. The government encourages food manufacturers to improve
    the quality of their products and help the consumer make healthier
    food choices. They provide a consistent format to help you directly
    compare the nutritional content of various foods. Food labels have
    the title "Nutrition Facts."



    Side Effects



    Recommendations
    The Daily Values section shows how a food fits into the overall
    daily diet. The value of the nutrient is given in percentages. The
    Percent Daily Value gives the food's nutritional content based on a
    2,000-calorie diet. You can use this to quickly compare foods and
    see how the amount of a nutrient in a serving of food fits into a
    2,000-calorie diet.

    For example, a food that has 13 grams of fat with a Percent Daily
    Value of 20% means that 13 grams of fat is 20%, or one-fifth, of the
    total daily fat recommended for a person who eats 2,000 calories per
    day.

    Near the bottom of the label you will see a list of 6 nutrients and
    the recommended daily intakes. The daily values are listed for 2,000
    and for 2,500 calories. Your daily values may be higher or lower
    depending of your calorie needs.

    The amounts of the first 4 nutrients -- total fat, saturated fat,
    cholesterol, sodium -- are maximum amounts. That is why the list
    says "less than" before the number. The amounts of total
    carbohydrate and dietary fiber are minimum amounts. This is exactly
    the same on all food labels that carry it. You can use it as a
    reference.

    NUTRIENT CONTENT CLAIMS

    A nutrient content claim is a word or phrase on a food package that
    makes a comment about the nutritional value of the food. The claim
    will mean the same for every product. The following are some
    approved nutrient claims.

    Calorie terms:

    Low-calorie
    40 calories or less per serving
    Reduced-calorie
    At least 25% fewer calories per serving when compared with a similar
    food
    Light, Lite
    One-third fewer calories or 50% less fat per serving; if more than
    half the calories are from fat, fat content must be reduced by 50%
    or more
    Sugar terms:
    Sugar-free
    Less than 1/2 gram sugar per serving
    Reduced sugar
    At least 25% less sugar per serving when compared with a similar
    food.
    Fat terms:
    Fat-free
    Less than 1/2 gram fat per serving
    100% fat free
    Meets requirements for fat free
    Low-fat
    3 grams or less per serving
    Reduced-fat
    At least 25% less fat when compared with a similar food
    Cholesterol terms:

    Cholesterol-free
    Less than 2 milligrams cholesterol per serving and 2 grams or less
    saturated fat per serving.
    Low-Cholesterol
    20 milligrams or less cholesterol per serving and 2 grams or less
    saturated fat per serving
    Sodium terms:

    Sodium-free
    Less than 5 milligrams sodium per serving
    Salt-free
    Meets requirements for sodium-free
    HEALTH CLAIMS

    For the first time, you will see FDA approved and regulated health
    claim phrases. A health claim is a food label message that describes
    the relationship between a food or food component, such as fat,
    calcium, or fiber, and a disease or health-related condition.

    The government has authorized health claims for 7 diet and health
    relationships that are backed by extensive scientific evidence.

    1. Calcium and osteoporosis

    2. Fiber-containing grain products, fruits, vegetables and cancer

    3. Fruits, vegetables, and cancer

    4. Fruits, vegetables, and grain products that contain fiber and
    coronary heart disease


    5. Fat and cancer

    6. Saturated fat and cholesterol and coronary heart disease

    7. Sodium and hypertension

    An example of a valid health claim you may see on a high-fiber
    cereal product food label would be: "Many factors affect cancer
    risk; eating a diet low in fat and high in fiber may lower the risk
    of this disease."

    For further information on specific health claims refer to the
    information on diet and health.

    INGREDIENTS

    Food manufacturers are required to list ingredients in descending
    order by weight, from the most to the least. People with food
    sensitivities can obtain useful information from the ingredient list
    on the label.

    The ingredient list will include, when appropriate:

    FDA-approved color additives
    Sources of protein hydrolysates
    Caseinate as a milk derivative in foods that claim to be nondairy
    (such as coffee whiteners)
    Most manufacturers offer a toll-free number to answer questions
    about specific food products and their ingredients.

    FOODS EXEMPT FROM FOOD LABELING

    Many foods do not have information on them. Some foods are exempt
    from food labeling. These include:

    Restaurant foods
    Hospital cafeterias
    Airline foods
    Food service vendors (such as mall cookie vendors, sidewalk vendors,
    and vending machines)
    Ready-to-eat food prepared primarily on the site
    Bulk food that is not resold
    Food produced by small businesses
    Medical foods
    Plain coffee and tea
    Flavor extracts
    Food colors
    Spices
    Other foods that contain no significant amounts of any nutrients
    Stores may voluntarily list nutrients for many raw foods. The 20
    most commonly eaten raw fruits and vegetables and seafood will
    display nutrition information in the store. Nutrition labeling for
    single-ingredient raw products, such as ground beef and chicken
    breasts, is also voluntary.

    A toll-free consumer hot line of the American Dietetics Association
    National Center for Nutrition and Dietetics is available to answer
    questions on the new food Labels. They operate between 10 AM and 5
    PM Eastern time, Monday through Friday. The number is 1-800-366-1655.
    ~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~
    All of my posts were transferred from
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  3. #2
    Budget101 Done Digging
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    Default

    thanks for all of the great info hun!!!
    Ich möchte ein eisbär sein, am kalten polar.... Dan müßte ich nicht mehr schrein... Alles wär so klar... Eisbären müssen nie weinen
    I'd like to be a polar bear, at the cold polar.. Then I wouldn't have to cry anymore.. Everything would be so clear.. Polar bears never have to cry

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