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Coffee (Coffea arabica)
Family: Rubiaceae
Relative: Quinine (anti malaria treatment), ipecac (when people ingest poison, it make you vomit)
Wild: Africa
Where we get: Not Ca
Domestication (can eat wild but have very small seeds)
• Selected for larger seeds
• Compact Bushes instead of high Bush

Item of interest
• Aromatic flowers/ eat pulp/make tea out of leave
• Pollinated by insect
• Bean turns red when ripe (edible)
• Ferment away the pulp, dry, roast, grind
• Tertraploid (also self fertile)
• 1700s one bean smuggled to Amsterdam, self fertile, result in a lot of coffee today
• Leaf have half the amount of caffeine of the bean (root and stem have very little stem)
• Decaf beans by organic solvent, H2O treatment or CO2 treatment
• Decaf Beans naturally by GMO (increase Theobromine level but it OK)
• People afraid of GMO, thus will be consuming organic solvent containing Decaf Beans
• Fungi get to the seed and produce Ochratoxin A is Carcinogenic – can be removed by roasting

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Plant info


(C) Melissa 'Liss' Burnell & 1995-2016
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