• drying fruits

    Guidelines for Drying Fruits

    The times in this chart should be used as guidelines only. Actual Drying time depends on numerous factors including the type of drying method used, the quantity of food being dried, the amount of moisture in the fruit etc. Note: Watch fruits carefully, testing frequently for correct texture/dryness.
    Fruit Preparation Appropriate sulfuring time before sun-drying Sun drying time Dehydrator/oven drying time Indicators of dryness
    Apples* Wash and core; peel if desired. cut in ¼" slices or rings. 45-60 minutes 3-4 days 6-12 hours Soft and pliable; no moisture in center when cut.
    Apricots* Peel if desired halve or slice, remove pit. 2 hours (halves) 1 hour (slices) 2-3 days 16-36 hours (halves) 7-10 hours (slices) Same as apples
    Bananas* Peel and cut into ¼" slices N/A 2-3 days 6-7 days 8-16 hours 30-40 hours Leathery but still chewy. (longer drying will make banana chips) (NOT PLIABLE)
    Blueberries; Cranberries Halve N/A 2-4 days 8-12 hours Leathery but still chewy
    Cherries Pit and halve N/A 1-2 days 18-30 hours Leathery but still chewy
    Figs Peel & Quarter N/A 4-5 days 10-12 hours Pliable; slightly sticky but not wet.
    Grapes* Halve; seed if desired N/A 3-5 days 24-48 hours Raisin like texture pliable; chewy.
    Peaches;* Nectarines* Peel if desired. Halve or cut in ¼" slices, remove pit. 2-3 hours (halves or slices) 3-5 days (halves or slices) 24-36 hours (halves); 8-12 hours (slices) Same as apples
    Pears* Halve & core, or core & cut in ¼" slices. 5 hours (halves or slices) 5
    days (halves or slices)
    24-36 hours (halves); 10-14 hours (slices) Same as apples
    Persimmons For variety, select firm fruit; for Hachiya variety, let fruit ripen until soft. Peel & cut in ¼" slices. N/A 5-6 days 14-18 hours Light to medium brown; tender but not sticky.
    Pineapple Peel, core and cut crosswise into ¼" slices. Dry slices whole or cut them in wedges. N/A 4-5 days (slices) 3-4 days (wedges) 24-36 hours (slices); 18-24 hours (wedges) Chewy and dry to center.
    Plums Halve or cut in ¼" slices, removing pit. N/A 4-5 days 18-24 hours (halves); 8-10 hours (slices) Fairly hard and leathery but still chewy.
    Rhubarb Cut in ¼" slices. N/A 2-3 days 18-20 hours Hard to crisp
    Strawberries Halve or cut in ¼" slices. N/A 1-2 days 20 hours (halves) 12-16 hours (slices) Leathery but still pliable.

    *Pre-treat these fruits to protect their color. Dip in an anti-oxidant or a honey-water solution if dehydrator or oven drying. For sun-drying sulfur fruits or dip in solution.
    Source: LogicSouth/Lcoble

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